Folk Customs of the Winter Solstice
Chaoshan people spend the winter solstice-go to the grave and scan the grave to eat sweet pills winter solstice, is one of the twenty-four solar terms.
According to “The Collection of the 72nd Order of the Moon Order”: “On November 15th, the last hidden energy, so far.
“Tongwei · Filial Piety and Aid for God” contained: “Fifteen days after the heavy snow, the fingers are the winter solstice, and the middle of the fifteenth day.
The cathode starts from the sun, from the south to the sun, and gradually grows to the sun.
“According to” Ci Hai “:” Astronomically stipulates that the winter solstice begins in the northern hemisphere.
“The winter solstice is not one of the twenty-four solar terms, but also a big folk festival in the Chaoshan area. It is commonly known as” little new year “.
The customs of the winter solstice in the cities and counties of Chaoshan are basically the same. They all have the custom of sacrificing ancestors, eating sweet pills, and going to the grave to sweep the grave.
Worship the ancestral Chaoshan folk. On this day, prepare three animals and fruits such as pork, chicken, and fish, go to the ancestral hall to worship the ancestors, and then the family will eat at the table. Generally, the worship is finished before noon and the family is reunited.
However, in the coastal areas such as the sea and mountains of Raoping, the ancestors were sacrificed in the early morning, and before the fishermen went fishing, they meant to ask the gods and ancestors to bless the fishermen to go fishing safely.
The practice of eating sweet pills spreads almost throughout the Chaoshan area, but this custom also contains an interesting vulgar custom: After worshipping sweet ancestors on this day, people take out some stickers on the roofs, roof beams, rice bowls, etc. of their homes.Office.
Why did it happen?
According to legend, there are two reasons: First, sweet pills are sweet and round, which means good meaning. It indicates a good harvest next year and family can be reunited.
This day, if the family can accidentally come across it, it is a good sign. It is like the “Splashing Water Festival” which is integrated.
If someone happens to visit you every day and let someone encounter it, those people will also have good luck.
Therefore, on this day, people do not want to be visited by outsiders.
The second is for rats.
According to legend, the seeds of the grain were bitten by mice from far away and planted to the farmers. In return for the credit of the mice, the farmers agreed that a small portion should be left unharvested every year and the rats should be eaten.
Later, because a greedy person had harvested all the grain in the field, the mouse complained to the Goddess of Mercy immediately. The Goddess of Mercy also felt pitiful after hearing it, and gave it a hard tooth to tell him to move in later.Living in the house, the knights searched for food, and since then, the mice have been harmed everywhere.
Become “one of the four evils” today.
However, this vulgar “sticking sweet pills everywhere” is not long after all. It is not only unsanitary, but also detrimental to beauty and very wasteful, it naturally dies.
And this custom of “sweet nine” has been passed down to this day.
Going to the grave and scanning the grave is another activity of the winter solstice.
According to the Chaoshan custom, the grave sweeping every year is generally in the Qingming and Winter Solstice, which is called “Spring Paper” and “Winter Paper”.
In general, the custom of “spring paper” should be followed in the first three years after death, and the “winter paper” should be used after three years.
However, most people like to “winter paper” because the Qingming season often rains and the road is difficult to walk; during the winter solstice, the climate is good and it is easy to climb the mountain cliffs.
There is also a saying in Chaoshan: “I ate one year old in the winter festival”.
According to Mr. Wang Linqian’s “Shantou Old Customs Talk”, “Some people have two explanations for this: one says that the winter solstice is a small New Year, and one year should be added after a small year; one said that this proverb comes from the prisoner.
Every autumn in ancient times was a season of killing. Every prisoner who committed a capital crime was generally executed in the fall. If he had not been executed by the winter solstice, he could be postponed to next year as a rule, so he said, “ One more year old. ”
Chaoshan custom is a part of Chaoshan culture.
In long-term life and social practice, people have inherited good customs and put away bad ones.
The Winter Solstice’s “Going to the Grave and Sweeping the Grave” is a commemoration of the hard work of the ancestors and the “eating sweet pills” is a custom that foreshadows another bumper harvest in the coming year.